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Scientific Classification
Emperor tamarin

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Primates

Family

Callitrichidae

Genus

Saguinus

Species

S. imperator

Emperor tamarins, which were only discovered in 1907, are former cryptids. This primate inhabits tropical rain forests, living deep in the forest and also in open tree-covered areas. This diurnal species walks or runs quadrupedally through the forest, spending the majority of its days in the trees with quick, safe movements and broad jumps among the limbs. 

Emperor tamarins live together in groups of eight to ten individuals. The oldest female leads the group above several mature males. Mutual grooming plays an important role for bonding and socializing. The emperor tamarin is known to form mixed-species associations with the brown-mantled tamarin (Saguinus fuscicollis). It has various cries which help them to promptly recognize interlopers. Emperor tamarins are thought to have been named after the Emperor of Germany, Emperor Wilhelm II, due to their long, white moustaches.

Emperor tamarins typically live in groups of four, usually with one female and three males. They run or walk quadrupedally (on four legs) across the forest floor, and are capable of leaping across branches. Emperor tamarins are diurnal and arboreal (tree-living). They have territories of up to 30-40 ha, which they patrol regularly and defend against other tamarins. They call loudly to announce their presence, particularly near territorial boundaries. At night, they sleep in large isolated trees, near to other group members. The black-chinned emperor tamarin subspecies (S.i.imperator) is considered to be Vulnerable by the IUCN.

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